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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 204001 Find in a Library
Title: Assault in Prison and Assault in Prison Psychiatric Treatment
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:49  Issue:1  Dated:January 2004  Pages:141-149
Author(s): Myla H. Young Ph.D.; Jerald V. Justice M.A.; Philip Erdberg Ph.D.
Date Published: January 2004
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study assessed 222 randomly selected male inmates for prison assault histories and assaults while in prison psychiatric treatment.
Abstract: The inmates were receiving psychiatric treatment in a mental health facility located within a California State prison. Data from two consecutive studies were analyzed. The ages of participants ranged from 18 to 65 years, with a mean age of 33 years. Education ranged from third grade to postgraduate. Thirty percent of the inmates were diagnosed with a psychotic disorder, 10 percent with a mood disorder, 12 percent with an "organic" disorder, and 14 percent with disorders characterized by both psychotic and mood features. Using record reviews; interviews; and neuropsychological, Rorschach, and psychopathy measures, risk factors were identified for assault in prison and in prison psychiatric treatment. A total of 153 of the inmates had committed an assault in prison, and 20 committed assaults while in psychiatric treatment. Assault was defined as a "serious rule violation" that involved use of force or violence against another person. All assaults were against either correctional or mental health staff. The study found that California Youth Authority placement, inhalant use, antisocial lifestyle, neurological injury, neuropsychological impairment, and higher PCL-R Factor II ratings were associated with assault in prison. The absence of major mental disorder, neurological impairment, or psychotic thinking, but the presence of psychopathy were associated with assault while in prison psychiatric treatment. In addition, the following issues are important in addressing the risk for violence: the context in which violence occurs, the need for clear admission criteria for prison psychiatric treatment, and the need to develop risk assessments that are specific to prison environments. 6 tables, 2 figures, 22 references, and appended Violence Rating Scale and a listing of prison offenses
Main Term(s): Corrections management
Index Term(s): Assault and battery; Diagnostic and reception processing; Mental disorders; Psychological evaluation; Psychopaths; Violence causes; Violent inmates
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