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NCJ Number: 204490 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Arms Trafficking and Colombia
Author(s): Kim Cragin; Bruce Hoffman
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 101
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Rand Corporation
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
Publication Number: ISBN 0-8330-3144-9
Sale Source: Rand Corporation
1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides an analysis of black-market and gray-market sources of small arms, explosives, equipment, and material that are available to terrorist and insurgent organizations in Columbia with particular attention given to the sources and methods used by covert and/or illegal suppliers and purchasers to acquire, sell, buy, transfer, ship, and receive these items.
Abstract: The extent and type of weaponry currently available to terrorists, insurgents, and other criminals are enormous. These groups have exploited and developed local, regional, and global supply channels to traffic in munitions and equipment worldwide. In the country of Columbia, the drug trade, a protracted insurgent conflict, nationwide corruption, and small arms proliferation have contributed to the political instability and violence in the country over the past century with small arms proliferation among the most serious of the problems. This report analyzes the issue of small arms trafficking in Columbia which poses enormous challenges due to the difficulty in monitoring and measuring the movement of these weapons and which does not conform to traditional definitions of a security threat. “Small arms” is defined as man-portable personal and military weapons, ranging from handguns to assault rifles to surface-to-air missiles (SAM's). For this report, the analysis of small arms activity in Columbia is broken down into three distinct categories: (1) weapons users; (2) external sources and transportation routes; and (3) patterns of arms trafficking internally. The proliferation of small arms in Columbia is directly relevant to the United States for two reasons which are discussed. First the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) is one of the largest and most well-funded militant organizations in the world. With the advent of the war on terrorism, FARC could focus more attention on United States targets. FARC has the resources and ability to strategically manage its weapons supplies and pose a threat to the United States. Second, small arms transfers have had a negative impact on regional stability in Latin America. Ready access to weapons by guerrilla and paramilitary forces threatens the security of the fourth-largest economy in Latin America. The report has five major sections: violence in Columbia; patterns of small arms trafficking into Columbia; patterns of small arms trafficking inside Columbia; the wider context; and policy implications. Appendix and references
Main Term(s): Illegal arms sales
Index Term(s): Arms or ammunition security; Colombia; Firearms; Handguns; International terrorism; Latin America; Latin American terrorist groups; Projectiles; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorist weapons; Threat assessment; Urban guerrilla warfare; Weapons; Weapons violations
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