skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 204640 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Offender Population Urinalysis Screening Program (OPUS) Annual Report, September 2003
Author(s): Sarah Canham; Jill D. Choyka; Erin Artigiani; Eric D. Wish
Date Published: September 2003
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR)
College Park, MD 20740
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Ctr for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR)
University of Maryland
4321 Hartwick Road
Suite 501
College Park, MD 20740
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Annual/Periodic)
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This annual report presents findings from Maryland’s Juvenile Offender Population Urinalysis Screening (OPUS), Intake and Detention Study, a urinalysis-monitoring program for those juveniles processed by the Department of Juvenile Services (DJS).
Abstract: As a component of Maryland’s Drug Early Warning System (DEWS), the Juvenile Offender Population Urinalysis Screening (OPUS) study implemented in 1998 by the Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR) is a urinalysis-monitoring program for juveniles processed by the Department of Juvenile Services (DJS) to monitor changes in drug use and identify emerging drugs of abuse among the juvenile offender population. The Juvenile OPUS Project is in two parts: intake and detention. Under the intake study, interviews and urine specimens are obtained once a year from youths being assessed in DJS county offices. Under the detention study, only urine specimens are obtained from youth newly admitted to the DJS’s five detention facilities. This report presents major findings from the OPUS Intake Study from September 2002 to May 2003 for nine counties and Baltimore City. Highlights include: (1) juveniles throughout Maryland reported that marijuana was the most popular and most accessible drug in their communities; (2) marijuana’s popularity was confirmed by urinalyses; (3) ecstasy remains a popular drug of abuse among juveniles in Maryland; and (4) many youth reported that dipping tobacco or marijuana cigarettes in PCP is more popular than in the past. The report also presents major findings from the OPUS Detention Study from January 1999 to June 2003 for five participating detention facilities which include: (1) youths, during this time period, were most likely to test positive for marijuana; (2) urinalysis test results showed little ecstasy use; and (3) overall, the percentage of youths who tested positive for marijuana increased with age; by age 16, almost one-half of youths tested for marijuana. Tables
Main Term(s): Drug testing
Index Term(s): Correctional institutions (juvenile); Drug statistics; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile detention; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile drug use; Juvenile processing; Marijuana; Maryland; MDMA (designer drug); PCP (phencyclidine hydrochloride); Urinalysis
Note: Downloaded on March 17, 2004.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.