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NCJ Number: 204953 Find in a Library
Title: Dating Violence Among Adolescents: Prevalence, Gender Distribution, and Prevention Program Effectiveness
Journal: Trauma, Violence, & Abuse  Volume:5  Issue:2  Dated:April 2004  Pages:123-142
Author(s): Laura J. Hickman; Lisa H. Jaycox; Jessica Aronoff
Date Published: April 2004
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article assessed the state of the research literature on teen dating violence, with attention to prevalence, gender distribution, and the effectiveness of prevention programs.
Abstract: The review found comparatively little research on partner violence among adolescents, particularly compared to the amount of research on intimate partner violence among adults. Although research has found dating violence to be a significant problem for teens, there is no consensus among researchers on the prevalence and gender distribution of violence between adolescent dating partners; two major sources of national data have yielded widely differing estimates. Studies that have examined dating violence among adolescents in urban areas tend to find comparably high prevalence rates. Similarly, urban residents are likely to experience all types of violence at a higher rate than suburban and rural residents. More boys have reported perpetrating sexual abuse than have girls (37 percent and 24 percent, respectively), but more girls reported perpetrating physical abuse of their partners than did boys (28 percent and 11 percent, respectively). Few studies have assessed the effectiveness of programs designed to prevent dating violence among adolescents, and existing studies do not provide conclusive evidence about the efficacy of such programs. Tentative findings are that a greater percentage of female program participants adopt attitudes against dating violence compared with boys. Another finding is that multi-session programming may have a positive impact on knowledge but not necessarily on attitudes, and some significant changes due to program influence dissipated over time. Implications of the findings from this literature review are drawn for practice, policy, and research. 43 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Dating Violence; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs; Gender issues; Violence causes; Violence prevention
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