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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 210130 
Title: How Did we Get Here? (From Alternatives to Prison: Options for an Insecure Society, P 1-27, Anthony Bottoms, Sue Rex, et al. eds. -- See NCJ-210129)
Author(s): Anthony Bottoms; Sue Rex; Gwen Robinson
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: Willan Publishing
Portland, OR 97213-3644
Sale Source: Willan Publishing
c/o ISBS, 5804 N.E. Hassalo Street
Portland, OR 97213-3644
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter outlines the policy-related history of alternatives to imprisonment, specifically community punishments.
Abstract: Over the last 40 years, the concept of alternatives to prison has been interpreted in various ways within a social context that has itself been changing rapidly. This introductory chapter outlines a history of alternatives to prison in the United Kingdom focusing in particular on the changing profile of community penalties over the last two decades. The chapter reviews non-custodial options and the impact of successive time periods. It addresses the era of “penal welfarism,” the era of “alternatives to custody," the era of “punishment in the community,” and the era of the “new generation of community penalties.” It reviews new forms of custodial and community provision, youth justice (arrangements for dealing with young offenders), and non-custodial measures in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Notes, references
Main Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult); Corrections effectiveness; Corrections in foreign countries; Corrections management; History of corrections; Nontraditional corrections management; Northern Ireland; Scotland; United Kingdom (UK)
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