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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 210218 
Title: Great Penal Leap Backward: Incarceration in America From Nixon to Clinton (From New Punitiveness: Trends, Theories, Perspectives, P 3-26, 2005, John Pratt, David Brown, et al., eds. -- See NCJ-210217)
Author(s): Loic Wacquant
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Willan Publishing
Portland, OR 97213-3644
Sale Source: Willan Publishing
c/o ISBS, 5804 N.E. Hassalo Street
Portland, OR 97213-3644
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the United States’ penal revolution over the last three decades with the tremendous push forward in the growth of the prison population and viewed as a significant step backward.
Abstract: By the mid-1970s the United States prison system had begun a startling boom. In 1973, American penal evolution reversed course and the population behind bars underwent exponential growth. During the period 1985 to 1995, the United States accumulated nearly 1 million more inmates at a pace of an additional 1,631 bodies per week. The growth index for combined county, Federal, and State correctional facilities grew from 100 in 1975 to 509 in 2000. Prior to the mid 1970s, the Federal Government professed a downward shift in the prison population with the expanded use of probation, parole, and community sanctions. In this chapter, this great leap backward in the American penal system or the hyperinflation that the United States has experienced from Presidents Nixon to Clinton is examined. Tables, figure, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Penology
Index Term(s): Corrections research; Criminal justice system analysis; History of corrections; History of criminal justice; Incarceration; Prisonization; Punishment; United States of America
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