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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 210265 Find in a Library
Title: Arrests Among Homeless and Runaway Youths: The Effects of Race and Gender
Journal: Journal of Crime & Justice  Volume:28  Issue:1  Dated:2005  Pages:35-58
Author(s): Kevin A. Yoder; Ed A. Munoz; Les B. Whitbeck; Dan R. Hoyt; Barbara J. McMorris
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: MH50140
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the influence of race and gender on the likelihood of a first arrest for a more serious and less serious offense in a sample of homeless and runaway youths from four Midwestern States.
Abstract: It was hypothesized that race and gender would interact, such that the likelihood of a first arrest for a more serious and less serious offense would be highest for non-White males and non-White females, respectively. The Midwest Homeless and Runaway Adolescent Project, from which data were obtained for this study, was a cross-sectional study of 602 homeless and runaway youths in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska. The youth were interviewed on the streets, in shelters, and in drop-in centers by outreach workers. Sixty percent of the 602 youths were female, and 60.1 percent identified themselves as White, 24.1 percent as African-American, 3.3 percent as Hispanic, 1.5 percent as Native American, and 10 percent as other. The youths averaged 16.27 years old. Youths were asked about the dates and types of offenses committed for their first arrest and for their four most recent arrests. Independent variables were under the general categories of deviant subsistence strategies, substance use, gang participation, prior arrests, age, prior physical abuse, age when leaving home, time on the street, and race. The findings show that non-Whites were more likely than Whites and males were more likely than females to be arrested for a more serious offense. White females were more likely than non-White females to be arrested for a less serious offense. 1 figure, 2 tables, 7 notes, and 44 references
Main Term(s): Police juvenile relations
Index Term(s): Gender issues; Homeless persons; Juvenile delinquency; Race-crime relationships; Runaways
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