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NCJ Number: 210459 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Identity Theft Literature Review
Author(s): Graeme R. Newman; Megan M. McNally
Date Published: January 2005
Page Count: 114
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 2005-TO-008
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents a review of the available scientific literature and other sources pertaining to the problem of identity theft and its prevention.
Abstract: In 1998, the Federal Identity and Assumption Deterrence Act defined identity theft, making it an easier crime to prosecute. Unfortunately, the definition provided by this Act offered little to researchers who illustrated how the problem of identity theft is comprised of a variety of disparate types of crimes committed in different venues and under different circumstances. Following the introduction in chapter 1, identity theft is defined in chapter 2 and distinguished from identity fraud. Chapter 3 discusses the types of identity theft crimes, which are identified as exploiting weakness within technologies and information systems, financial scams, and as crimes to avoid arrest. The extent and patterning of identity theft crimes are explored in chapter 4. The authors outline the geographic patterns and offense-specific patterns of identity theft in the United States and describe the victims, the offenders, and the relationships between them. Chapter 5 examines the various costs of identity theft, such as financial costs to businesses, individuals, and the criminal justice system. Chapter 6 reviews the research literature that attempts to explain the etiology of identity theft and how it is carried out; most perspectives focus on the role of opportunity in the commission of a theft of identity. Chapter 7 examines the law enforcement response to identity theft, focusing on how this crime is reported and recorded, recommendations for police responses, and cross jurisdictional challenges in the response to and prevention of identity theft. Chapter 8 analyzes State and Federal legislation aimed at combating identity theft and chapter 9 focuses on techniques to reduce identity theft. The final chapter offers conclusions and specific research recommendations that span the individual and organizational levels and include suggestions for examining offender behavior, vulnerable points in information systems, and agency risk factors. Tables, figures, footnotes, references, appendixes
Main Term(s): Identity Theft; Literature reviews
Index Term(s): Legislation; NIJ grant-related documents
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