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NCJ Number: 210496 Find in a Library
Title: Introduction: Boot Camps Revisted--Issues, Problems, Prospects
Journal: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation  Volume:40  Issue:3/4  Dated:2005  Pages:1-25
Author(s): Brent B. Benda
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 25
Type: Historical Overview; Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Following a historical review of boot camps, this article summarizes evaluation findings, and research methodologies for boot camp research are assessed and recommendations offered.
Abstract: To many policymakers facing the worsening problem of prison and jail overcrowding under "get-tough-on-crime" policies, boot camps were a logical solution. For conservatives, boot camp was viewed as a secure facility that promoted a rigid regime considered punitive as well as a militaristic format that would cultivate self-control. For liberals, boot camps appeared to offer rehabilitative and educational services while reducing overcrowding in conventional custodial facilities. The preponderance of evaluation research, however, does not support the effectiveness of boot camps in altering behavior or antisocial attitudes; for example, a recent meta-analysis of 44 independent comparison-group contrasts did not find a significant difference in recidivism between boot camp and traditional interventions. Such evaluation studies, along with various abuses in boot camp operations, have led to a decline in their numbers as well as their daily populations. There is still some question as to whether some aspects of boot camps are or can be effective with some offenders, given differences in the length, program components, aftercare services, and implementation of the various camps. Evaluation methodologies are examined, and recommendations are offered for future boot camp evaluations. 102 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Evaluative research; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Shock incarceration programs
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