skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 210745 Find in a Library
Title: Traveling to Violence: The Case for a Mobility-Based Spatial Typology of Homicide
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:42  Issue:3  Dated:August 2005  Pages:275-308
Author(s): George Tita; Elizabeth Griffiths
Date Published: August 2005
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
New York, NY 10020
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Drawing on routine activities theory, this study examined whether victim and offender mobility in relation to crime incident location is a function of individual or event characteristics.
Abstract: According to routine activities theory, it is the interaction between victims and offenders in both time and space that results in crime. While previous research has examined this theoretical assertion, few studies have focused on whether the victim and/or the offender were local to the area of the crime incident or whether they were drawn to the area of the crime through their routine activities. Drawing on individual case file data of the 420 homicides that occurred in Pittsburgh, PA between 1987 and 1995, the current analysis develops a spatial typology of 5 combinations of victim and offender mobility to homicide incident locations: internal, predatory, intrusion, offense mobility, and total mobility. Variables under analysis included demographic information, primary homicide motive, and victim and offender mobility to incident scene. Results of logistic regression analyses indicated at least some victim and/or offender mobility to the homicide scene. The findings also indicate that mobility to the homicide location is most related to event characteristics rather than the individual characteristics of the victim or offender, revealing that much lethal violence in neighborhoods is influenced by the interaction of nonlocal participants. Future research using routine activities theory should focus on how the demographic and routine activities of neighborhoods attract spatial types of homicide. Tables, appendix, notes, references
Main Term(s): Homicide trends; Routine activity theory
Index Term(s): Crime scene; Pennsylvania
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.