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NCJ Number: 210826 Find in a Library
Title: Terrorist Sanctuaries and Bosnia-Herzegovina: Challenging Conventional Assumptions
Journal: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism  Volume:28  Issue:4  Dated:July-August 2005  Pages:295-305
Author(s): Michael A. Innes
Date Published: July 2005
Page Count: 11
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article explores whether assumptions that Bosnia-Herzegovina is a terrorist sanctuary are legitimate.
Abstract: Since global counterterrorism efforts began focusing on denying terrorists their bases of operations, the subject of terrorist “safe havens” or “sanctuaries” has received wide attention. In particular, the Deputy Director of Plans and Policy, United States European Command who addressed terrorism issues in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 2004 was quoted as saying that Bosnia still lingers as a potential safe haven for transit, training, arms sales, and financial support of terrorist activities. This article expands on this assessment by exploring answers to whether Bosnia-Herzegovina is a terrorist sanctuary. In attempting this, it draws on official statements, independent studies, declassified reports, and local and international press coverage and begins with a brief survey of relevant arguments and defining criteria. It argues that a model of terrorism and terrorist sanctuaries rooted in post-September 11th strategic thought and the Global War on Terror (GWOT) is inadequate to the study of terrorism in Bosnia, as well as the Balkans. This article identifies and addresses a series of conventional assumptions regarding Bosnia-Herzegovina’s status as a presumed terrorist sanctuary. In summary, conventional assumptions of terrorist sanctuary in Bosnia need to be viewed with a skeptical eye, with terrorism in Bosnia viewed as a complex phenomenon linked to multiple domestic and foreign communities and subject to evolving political circumstances and priorities. Notes
Main Term(s): Terrorism/Mass Violence
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; International cooperation; International terrorism; Political impact of terrorism; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorist group cooperation; Threat assessment
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