skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 210830 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Policing in the United States: Developing a Comprehensive Empirical Model
Author(s): L. Edward Wells; David N. Falcone
Date Published: August 2005
Page Count: 90
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Grant Number: 2002-IJ-CX-0016
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the methodology and findings of a systematic empirical assessment of the three basic premises of community-oriented policing (COP).
Abstract: One assumed COP premise is a "structural premise" that what police departments do is shaped by their organizational structures. A second premise is a "contextual premise" that police agencies as open systems are constrained and influenced by their environments; and a third premise is a "universality premise" that, because the essential tasks of policing are universal, a single model of COP will apply to all sizes and types of police agencies. These premises are largely implicit and untested. To help fill this gap, three research questions corresponding to the three premises were empirically addressed: How strongly are implementations of COP connected to the structural features of police organizations in which they occur? How strongly are organizational structures predicted by characteristics of the community environments in which they are located? Are the patterns shown in answering the other two questions universal? These questions were addressed by obtaining data on community context variables, organizational structure, and COP operations from a nationwide sample of police agencies. The basic data source was the 1999 Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) survey, which yielded data on police organizational characteristics and on the adoption of COP procedures. This survey was supplemented with additional organizational data from other sources, including the 1996 Directory of Law Enforcement Agencies, which provides a census of all 18,769 police agencies throughout the United States; data on community characteristics; and crime data. Multiple regression analysis of the data found that the adoption of COP was not related to organizational structure; police organizational features and COP practices were not predicted by community characteristics; and there were large differences across agencies of different sizes and locations. 3 figures, 8 tables, 76 references, and a codebook
Main Term(s): Community policing
Index Term(s): Police internal organizations; Police organizational structure; Police policies and procedures; Police responsibilities; Police-citizen interactions
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.