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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 210879 Find in a Library
Title: Domestic Violence Among Male and Female Patients Seeking Emergency Medical Services
Journal: Violence and Victims  Volume:20  Issue:2  Dated:April 2005  Pages:187-206
Author(s): Mary Beth Phelan M.D.; L. Kevin Hamberger Ph.D.; Clare E. Guse M.S.; Shauna Edwards B.S.; Suzanne Walczak B.A.; Amy Zosel B.S.
Date Published: April 2005
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compared male and female experiences as perpetrators and/or victims of domestic violence among a sample of injured patients seeking emergency medical services.
Abstract: While domestic violence is largely understood as a crime perpetrated by men against women, some researchers claim that women are as violent as men within the home. Such claims have been met with much criticism, yet more research is needed that compares domestic violence perpetration and victimization among males and females. The current study compared the contextual issues surrounding domestic violence, as well as injury frequency and severity among a convenience sample of 129 injured male (N=90) and female (N=39) patients presenting to a Level 1 trauma center. Participants completed a structured interview survey that inquired about interpersonal relationship violence, including past year frequency of violent victimization, frequency and severity of injury, and domestic violence injury. Results of statistical analyses indicated that females reported male-initiated violence more frequently than males reported female-initiated violence. Women more frequently reported using violence in response to an attack and to using law enforcement. Women also suffered higher rates of injuries than men in all severity categories and reported experiencing more fear than men during violent episodes. The findings underscore the importance of taking into account the contextual differences in partner violence for men and women. Implications for research, clinical practice, and domestic violence screening are discussed. Future research should widen the sample to include all potential study subjects rather than the relatively narrow range of emergency trauma patients studied here. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Comparative analysis; Domestic assault
Index Term(s): Violent men; Violent women
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