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NCJ Number: 210931 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Antisocial Personality, Psychopathy, and Violence in Persons With Dual Disorders: A Longitudinal Analysis
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:32  Issue:4  Dated:August 2005  Pages:452-476
Author(s): Anne G. Crocker; Kim T. Mueser; Robert E. Drake; Robin E. Clark; Gregory J. McHugo; Theimann H. Ackerson; Arthur I. Alterman
Date Published: August 2005
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Princeton, NJ 08543
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: MH-47567;MH-46072;MH-00839;AA08341
Publisher: http://www.sagepub.com/ 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the reliability and validity of measures of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and psychopathy among 203 clients with dual disorders and their prospective relationship to criminality and violence over 3 years.
Abstract: ASPD is characterized by a pattern of irresponsible, delinquent, and criminal behavior that begins in childhood and persists into adulthood. Studies have found that persons with ASPD are at increased risk of violence compared to persons with no ASPD. Psychopathy is an alternative construct to ASPD that is defined along two main dimensions: personality traits such as superficial charm, glibness, pathological lying, grandiose sense of self-worth, conning or manipulative behavior, and lack of empathy; and antisocial lifestyle, such as low tolerance for boredom and sensation seeking. The final sample for the current study, which was obtained from seven community mental health centers in New Hampshire, was interviewed at baseline and every 6 months for 3 years to assess psychiatric symptoms, substance use, quality of life, housing stability, services use, criminal activity, and violence. Psychopathy was measured with the Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (SRP-II). Researchers examined the relationship between ASPD, severe mental illness (SMI), substance use, and criminality and violence in a community setting. SRP-II scores had limited associations with criminality and violence; whereas ASPD, thought disturbance, negative affect, and earlier age at psychiatric hospitalization were predictive of aggressive behavior. Further research on violence in the community should examine other measures of psychopathy as well as ASPD and symptoms. 5 tables and 91 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Mental disorders; Mental illness-crime relationships; Psychological influences on crime; Psychopaths; Violence causes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=210931

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