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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 211484 Find in a Library
Title: Victimization of Children and Youth: A Comprehensive Overview
Author(s): David Finkelhor; Patricia Y. Hashima
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers
New York, NY 10013
Sale Source: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers
233 Spring Street
New York, NY 10013
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper provides an overview of data, issues, and research pertinent to the victimization of children, which the authors propose as a separate field of criminology called "developmental victimology," because of the distinctive impact that criminal victimization can have on the development of children.
Abstract: Following a discussion of definitional issues, the authors address the limitations of criminological data regarding the victimization of children; however, they argue that even the limited data suggest that children are at higher risk of victimization than adults. A section of the paper then discusses the need for special categories of child victimization that are ignored in crime statistics, such as sibling assault, corporal punishment, physical abuse and neglect, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, family abductions, and nonfamily abductions. Such incidents typically involve children as victims and are related to their age and status in society. Another section presents a typology of child victimization by incidence. The typology consists of three approximate and broad categories according to their order of magnitude as follows: "pandemic" victimizations that occur to a majority of children in the course of their development; "acute" victimizations, which are less frequent and occur to a minority of children, but generally have more severe effects on children; and "extraordinary" victimizations, which happen to a small number of children but draw society's attention to a greater degree than the other two categories. Other topics discussed are why children's victimization is so common; the differential character of child victimization; developmental propositions (intrafamily victimization and gender and victimization); routine-activities theory in relation to children; the effects of child victimization; and research needs. 8 tables and 121 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Abused children; Crimes against children; Criminology; Routine activity theory; Victimology
Note: Downloaded September 30, 2005; chapter from "Handbook of Youth and Justice," Susan O. White, ed., Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2001
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