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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 211797 
Title: Community Justice in a Safety Culture: Probation Service and Community Justice in the Netherlands (From Community Justice: Issues for Probation and Criminal Justice, P 283-300, 2005, Jane Winstone and Francis Pakes, eds. -- See NCJ-211782)
Author(s): Miranda Boone
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Willan Publishing
Portland, OR 97213-3644
Sale Source: Willan Publishing
c/o ISBS, 5804 N.E. Hassalo Street
Portland, OR 97213-3644
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter describes the recent history of both community sentences and the probation service in the Netherlands.
Abstract: Community sanctions are defined as those sanctions that are implemented in the community under some restriction of liberty due to requirements or limitations of movement imposed on the offender. Community sentences as an alternative to prison sentences began in the Netherlands in the mid-1960s. This was accompanied by a rejection of retribution as an aim of punishment and a pragmatic assessment that the rehabilitation of the offender benefited both the well-being of the offender and the safety of the community; however, probably due to the quantitative growth of community sentences, the original goal of rehabilitation has apparently become less important. Research indicates that community service orders are not much more effective than prison sentences in reducing offending. Further, the climate of punitiveness in responding to offenders began to extend to community sentences. The probation service is primarily responsible for implementing community sentences, and its performance is monitored and guided by the government. The emphasis on producing measurable results in community sentencing has meant that promising rehabilitation programs have focused on probationers motivated to change and who have been assessed as being at low risk for recidivism. Offenders at high risk for recidivism do not receive intensive treatment. Although this policy helps the probation service meet its target goals for cost-effectiveness, it does not increase public safety. 5 notes and 48 references
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Community Justice; Differential case management; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign probation or parole services; Netherlands; Probation effectiveness
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