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NCJ Number: 211984 Find in a Library
Title: Prison Rape: What We Know Today
Journal: Corrections Compendium  Volume:30  Issue:5  Dated:September/October 2005  Pages:1-5,42,44
Author(s): Kim English; Peggy Heil
Date Published: September 2005
Page Count: 8
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents research findings on prison rape and offers recommendations for prevention.
Abstract: In comparison to research in other areas of violence, little is known about prison rape and correctional prevention programs and strategies to prevent prison rape are practically nonexistent. Problems such as overcrowding, under staffing, and poor correctional facility planning contributes to the prevalence of sexual misconduct. In response, the U.S. Department of Justice is seeking to increase knowledge about the prevalence and prevention of rape in prisons and jails. Research findings on the prevalence of coercive sexual behavior in correctional facilities vary widely and indicate that between 1 percent to 12 percent of inmates become victims of rape while incarcerated. Characteristics of victims and perpetrators are described, followed by findings on the locations and timing of assaults, reporting rates, staff attitudes, and the consequences of rape for inmate victims. Recommendations are offered for managing the risk posed by prison rape; these include the recommendations to develop a zero tolerance policy for sexual misconduct that specifies how sexual misconduct by inmates and staff will be handled, implement specialized training for staff responsible for conducting investigations of prison rape, and provide inmate training on sexual misconduct policies. Endnotes, references
Main Term(s): Prisoner sexual assault; Rape research
Index Term(s): Correctional facilities; Inmate victims; Rape prevention programs; Sexual assault
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