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NCJ Number: 212015 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Relation of Child Maltreatment to Shame and Guilt Among Adolescents: Psychological Routes to Depression and Delinquency
Journal: Child Maltreatment  Volume:10  Issue:4  Dated:November 2005  Pages:324-336
Author(s): Jeffrey Stuewig; Laura A. McCloskey
Date Published: November 2005
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: RO1-MH51428
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored how child maltreatment and different forms of parenting influenced levels of shame and guilt in adolescents.
Abstract: A variety of deleterious mental health outcomes have been associated with childhood maltreatment. Despite the plethora of research, relatively little attention has been paid to the possible psychological mechanisms linking maltreatment to different adolescent behavioral outcomes following maltreatment. The current study investigated the hypothesis that maltreatment in different forms during childhood directly increases shame-proneness in adolescence, which then influences behavioral outcomes during late adolescence. The 8-year longitudinal study was designed to examine the effects of marital violence on children’s mental health and it drew interview data at 3 different points from an original sample of 363 mother and child dyads. Data included measures of marital violence, harsh parenting, sexual abuse, child conduct disorder and depression, parental rejection, parental warmth, shame and guilt in adolescents, depression during adolescence, and self-reported and officially recorded delinquency in adolescents. Results of statistical analyses indicated that harsh parenting during childhood was related to higher levels of shame during adolescence. Parental rejection was related to higher levels of shame and higher levels of guilt in adolescence. Finally, high levels of shame were associated with higher levels of depression when assessed 2 years later and high levels of guilt were associated with lower levels of delinquency. The findings underscore the possible importance of targeting the emotions of shame and guilt in treatment and prevention programs designed to reduce adolescent depression and delinquency. Figures, tables, notes, references
Main Term(s): Child abuse; Long term health effects of child abuse
Index Term(s): Child abuse as delinquency factor; Childhood depression; Parental influence; Psychological victimization effects
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