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NCJ Number: 212024 Find in a Library
Title: Policies Transfer: The Case of Juvenile Justice in Spain
Journal: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research  Volume:11  Issue:1  Dated:2005  Pages:51-76
Author(s): Esther Fernandez Molina; Cristina Rechea Alberola
Editor(s): Rosemary Barberet
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 26
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article analyzes the transfer of international doctrine to the Spanish juvenile justice system, specifically the role of the juvenile instructor prosecutor and the methods of the restorative justice model, explaining internal problems that can be found when policy transfer occurs.
Abstract: Globalization has changed the logic of criminal policy in all different countries, as much because of what the phenomenon has meant regarding the internationalization of crime as because of the policy transfer. Policy transfer is the focus of this article and specifically in the case of the juvenile justice system in Spain. After a brief description of the policy transfer phenomenon and the supranational character of the juvenile justice system, the article attempts to explain the problems that can be found in a specific country, such as Spain when the policy transfer phenomenon occurs. The process of transferring two concrete methods taken on by this international doctrine, of clear Anglo-Saxon origin, to the Spanish juvenile justice system is analyzed. The two methods are the role of the juvenile instructor prosecutor and the methods which underlie the model of restorative justice. Throughout the analysis of the implementation of these practices in the Spanish juvenile justice system, the article shows the internal problems that these processes of policy transfer generate. What was revealed is the paradoxes implied in the process of policies transfer in the criminal sector. Although policy transfer has generalized, criminal policy in different countries is made more distinctive than ever by national, regional, and local resistance and differences. However, there is not a giving up on the convergence process of the different countries. There is a continuance and drive in studying it thoroughly. References
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice policies
Index Term(s): Criminal justice system analysis; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile justice system; Spain
Note: Special issue on Criminal Justice Policy Diffusion and Europe.
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