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NCJ Number: 212027 Find in a Library
Title: Victim Policy Transfer: Learning From Each Other
Journal: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research  Volume:11  Issue:1  Dated:2005  Pages:121-133
Author(s): Jo-Anne Wemmers
Editor(s): Rosemary Barberet
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This article examines the recent introduction of victim impact statements, as a victim policy transfer, in several European countries.
Abstract: European criminologists and policymakers regularly look to the United States for new and innovative ideas on how to handle crime and victimization. The victim impact statements are a good example of the different approaches followed in Europe and the United States. The victim impact statement is an American invention. At first, the victim impact statements were not embraced in Europe. However, in the last few years, there has been a major shift in opinion and European victim policy with respect to victim impact statements increasingly resembles that of the United States. This article examines the dramatic change in policy and whether the introduction of victim impact statements in Europe is an example of good practice. The article begins with a brief description of victim impact statements followed by a discussion of victims’ needs. Next, the role of victims in the common law and civil legal traditions are addressed and the advantages and limitations of victim impact statements for victims within these systems are considered. The article concludes with an examination of the adaptation of this common law model in Europe. References
Main Term(s): Victim impact statements
Index Term(s): Foreign criminal justice systems; Foreign policies; US/foreign comparisons; Victim reactions to crime; Victims in foreign countries
Note: Special issue on Criminal Justice Policy Diffusion and Europe.
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