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NCJ Number: 212060 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence: Correlates and Outcomes
Journal: Violence and Victims  Volume:20  Issue:5  Dated:October 2005  Pages:483-497
Author(s): Mary Ann Dutton Ph.D.; Stacey Kaltman Ph.D.; Lisa A. Goodman Ph.D.; Kevin Weinfurt Ph.D.; Natalie Vankos M.S.
Date Published: October 2005
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 98-WT-VX-0023;2001 WT-RX-0001
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study identified empirically derived, significant patterns of intimate partner violence (IPV), as well as the correlates and outcomes of the IPV patterns.
Abstract: Participants (n=406) were recruited from 3 sites in the same mid-Atlantic city at the time they were seeking assistance for IPV perpetrated by a current or former male partner. This study was part of a larger longitudinal investigation of battered women's experiences. In-person interviews were conducted at the time of recruitment, followed by telephone interviews conducted every 3 to 4 months. The initial interview obtained information on age, ethnicity, education, employment, income, living situation, marital status, duration of relationship, current relationship status, and number of children. IPV physical and sexual assault were measured with a modified Revised Conflict Tactics Scales, and psychological abuse was measured with the short version of the Psychological Maltreatment of Women Inventory. Stalking was assessed with a modified form of the stalking assessment used in the Violence Against Women survey. Current involvement in the relationship, living arrangement with the index partner, the desire to continue the relationship, and the expectation of future contact were assessed at each data collection. The assessment of mental health outcomes focused on posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, quality of life, and IPV threat appraisal. Using cluster analysis, three IPV patterns were identified. Pattern 1 was characterized by moderate levels of physical violence, psychological abuse, and stalking, but little sexual violence. Pattern 2 involved high levels of physical violence, psychological abuse, and stalking, but low levels of sexual violence. Pattern 3 consisted of high levels of all violence types. Pattern 3 was associated with the highest prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression, and pattern 2 had the highest levels of revictimization during the year following recruitment. Clinical and policy implications of the findings are discussed. 2 figures, 2 tables, and 44 references
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Aggravated assault; Assault and battery; Domestic assault; Emotional Abuse/Harm; NIJ grant-related documents; Offense characteristics; Offense classification; Spousal Rape; Stalkers
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