skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 212070 Find in a Library
Title: Self-Efficacy and Emotional Adjustment as Precursors of Smoking in Early Adolescence
Journal: Substance Use & Misuse  Volume:40  Issue:12  Dated:2005  Pages:1883-1893
Author(s): Rutger C.M.E Engels; William W. Hale III; Marc Noom; Hein De Vries
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 11
Publisher: http://www.taylorandfrancis.com/ 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used cross-sectional and short-term longitudinal analyses in examining the links between self-efficacy, emotional adjustment, and smoking in a large sample of early adolescents.
Abstract: Data were obtained from a large-scale survey of 2,096 11-14 year-olds in the fall of 2000 in the Netherlands. Eleven schools in the Utrecht region were selected for the survey. The second wave of the survey was conducted 6 months after the first wave. A total of 1,861 adolescents (89 percent of the first wave) participated in the second wave. A widely used method for assessing smoking behavior was used. Responses ranged from "I have never smoked, not even one puff" to "I smoke at least once a day." Regarding self-efficacy, six items measured participants' confidence in their ability to become (or stay) nonsmokers and their confidence that they could refuse a cigarette when one was offered. The depressive Mood List of Kandel and Davies (1982) measured the extent to which participants experienced negative mood, and Rosenberg's (1965) self-esteem scale measured the participants' perceived self-value or sense of worth. Findings showed that higher depressive mood, low self-esteem, and low self-efficacy apparently were related to higher levels of smoking in cross-sectional analyses. Short-term longitudinal analyses indicated that depressive mood and self-esteem were only related to the onset of smoking in girls. In three out of four cross-sectional analyses, self-efficacy x emotional adjustment interactions found that particular adolescents with low self-efficacy and poor emotional adjustment were likely to smoke. Study limitations are noted. 1 figure, 3 tables, and 23 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Drug abuse causes; Drug abuse in foreign countries; Emotional disorders; Foreign criminal justice research; Juvenile self concept; Netherlands; Tobacco use
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=233540

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.