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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 212174 Find in a Library
Title: Drug-Related Mortality Among Newly Released Offenders 1998 to 2000
Author(s): Michael Farrell; John Marsden
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 60
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate
London, SW1H 9AT, England
Publication Number: ISBN 1-84473-733-0
Sale Source: Great Britain Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate
Information and Publications Group
Room 201
50 Queen Anne's Gate
London, SW1H 9AT,
United Kingdom
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Statistics
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Building upon a study that examined drug-related deaths among those released from prison in England and Wales in 1999, the current study examined such deaths for the years 1998 and 2000.
Abstract: The study encompassed 18,533 persons discharged from prison in 1998, 13,410 discharged in 1999, and 19,647 discharged in 2000. Due to missing relevant data on some of these discharges, the final sample consisted of 48,771 individuals. Of the deaths recorded in the sample over the study period, there were 261 drug-related deaths and 181 deaths due to other causes. For both men and women, high rates of drug-related death occurred in the first 2 weeks after release. The study sample had a much higher risk of death from any cause than people in the general population. This finding is consistent with other research that has shown a high risk of death for individuals with a high level of drug involvement and dependence; the use of injected drugs; the use of tranquillizers; and lower levels of social support and economic and social resources. Those in the sample with a history of injecting drugs immediately prior to entering prison and those with a long history of opioid dependence and polydrug dependence were at greater risk of drug-related death after release. The rate of drug-related deaths among individuals just released from prison could be reduced by timely and effective drug treatment while in prison, integrated with prerelease and postrelease planning and delivery of drug treatment services in the community upon release. Also, instruction for the family members of released inmates regarding the recognition and management of a drug overdose could prevent some deaths. Extensive tables and figures and 31 references
Main Term(s): Drug overdose
Index Term(s): Drug related fatalities; Ex-offenders; Post-release programs; Prerelease programs
Note: Home Office Online Report 40/05; downloaded November 28, 2005.
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