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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 212197 Find in a Library
Title: Mental Health Needs and Effectiveness of Provision for Young Offenders in Custody and in the Community
Author(s): Richard Harrington Prof.; Sue Bailey Prof.
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 103
Sponsoring Agency: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales
London SW1H 9AJ,
Sale Source: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales
102 Petty France
London SW1H 9AJ,
United Kingdom
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This national study of the mental health needs of juvenile offenders in custody and under community supervision in England and Wales examined current models of service provision and principles of good practice, data on costs and needs, and effective means of meeting mental health needs and modifying offending behavior.
Abstract: Six geographically representative areas across England and Wales were selected for the study, with each containing a youth offending team (YOT) and secure juvenile facility. A total of 151 juvenile inmates and 150 juveniles under community supervision were interviewed, using assessment instruments to obtain data on demographics, mental health, and social needs. Eighty semistructured interviews were conducted with key stakeholders to determine the structures and processes for services and the observed outcomes. In order to identify what works with juvenile offenders in addressing mental health needs and offending behavior, a literature review was conducted. One-third of juvenile offenders were found to have a mental health need, with those in the community having significantly more needs than those in secure care; however, there was no routine mental health assessment on admission to secure sites and a lack of appropriate mental health intervention programs in secure facilities. Mental health services for juvenile offenders supervised in the community were not uniformly available, with inadequate funding and resources being major problems. Continuity of care was a frequent problem. There should be structured assessments for risk and mental health needs for all youth entering secure and community-based corrections as the basis for planned interventions tailored to the needs of each youth. The most effective interventions have used cognitive behavioral therapy and training in problem-solving skills; and all interventions should be delivered by well-trained staff. Interventions should be evaluated for their effectiveness. 9 tables, 6 figures, 52 references, and appended study instruments
Main Term(s): Juvenile mental health services
Index Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Mental health; Mentally ill offenders; Services effectiveness; Treatment effectiveness
Note: Downloaded November 29, 2005.
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