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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 217556 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Neighborhood Effects on the Efficacy of a Program To Prevent Youth Alcohol Use
Journal: Substance Use & Misuse  Volume:42  Issue:1  Dated:2007  Pages:65-87
Author(s): Scott Yabiku; Stephen Kulis; Flavio Francisco Marsiglia; Ben . Lewin; Tanya Nieri; Syed Hussaini
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01 DA14825;R24 DA13937
Type: Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined how the effectiveness of an alcohol-use prevention program for middle-school students was influenced by the characteristics of the neighborhoods in which the participants lived.
Abstract: The study found that a higher neighborhood concentration of single-mother families decreased programs effectiveness, as did neighborhood poverty. High immigrant composition of neighborhoods, on the other hand, increased program effectiveness. An unexpected finding was that the program was also more effective in neighborhoods with higher crime rates. Aside from this latter finding, the other findings are consistent with theories of social disorganization, immigrant adaptation, and social isolation. Whites and more linguistically acculturated Latinos showed no difference in program effectiveness by neighborhood characteristics. Study data came from a randomized trial of a substance-use prevention program in Phoenix, AZ, called "keepin' it REAL." The program was implemented in 35 middle schools beginning in the fall of 1998. The sample of 4,622 middle-school students was composed primarily of Mexican-Americans. Prior to implementation of the prevention program, students in all the participating schools completed a pretest survey that measured the adolescents' experiences with substance use norms and family and individual background characteristics. The assignment of schools to treatment or control conditions was done through block randomization that controlled for the size and ethnic composition of the schools. In the late spring of 1999, a follow-up questionnaire was administered approximately 2 months after delivery of the prevention programs was completed in treatment schools. This survey repeated many of the measures in the pretest survey. This survey provided evidence of any change related to program participation. The dependent variable in the analysis was recent alcohol use. The independent variables were neighborhood characteristics determined from the 2000 U.S. Census. 4 tables and 64 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention programs
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse prevention; Arizona; Economic influences; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs; Parent-Child Relations; Services effectiveness; Social conditions; Underage Drinking
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