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NCJ Number: 217700 Find in a Library
Title: Narcotics and Armed Conflict: Interaction and Implications
Journal: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism  Volume:30  Issue:3  Dated:March 2007  Pages:207-227
Author(s): Svante E. Cornell
Date Published: March 2007
Page Count: 21
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the specific dynamics of the linkage between narcotics and conflict by incorporating recent theory from the field of transnational organized crime into the existing literature on civil war.
Abstract: The findings indicate that the interaction between narcotics production and armed conflict is considerably more complex than visible at first glance. The type and level of involvement of an insurgent group in criminal activity is an increasingly important element in understanding the dynamics of armed conflict and in devising strategies to address, manage, and resolve these conflicts. The relationship between economic incentives and armed conflict has been accorded considerable attention in recent literature. However the issue of and relationship between illicit drugs and conflict has received little research leaving it poorly understood. This examination shows that conditions of armed conflict boost, exacerbate, transform, and occasionally shift preexisting patterns of narcotics production. Where narcotics are present, armed conflict is likely to fundamentally alter the dynamics of their production, and to be fundamentally altered by it. Narcotic production almost invariably comes to involve and bolster insurgent groups in protracted conflicts, helping to extend their capabilities and compounding the challenge they pose to states. Additionally, the link between narcotics and conflict also has the potential to affect the motivational structures of insurgent groups, creating an economic function of war for actors on both sides of the conflict. Figures, table, notes
Main Term(s): Narco-terrorism
Index Term(s): Black market; Drug cartels; Drug manufacturing; Organized crime; Terrorism/Mass Violence; Terrorist ideologies
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