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NCJ Number: 217787 Find in a Library
Title: Who is Offering and How Often?: Gender Differences in Drug Offers Among American Indian Adolescents of the Southwest
Journal: Journal of Early Adolescence  Volume:26  Issue:3  Dated:August 2006  Pages:296-317
Author(s): Andrea Dixon Rayle; Stephen Kulis; Scott K. Okamoto; Sheila S. Tann; Craig Winston LeCroy; Patricia Dustman; Aimee M. Burke
Date Published: August 2006
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R-24 DA 13937-01
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This exploratory study examined gender differences in the patterns of drug offers among American Indian adolescents in the southwest.
Abstract: Results of the study suggest that American Indian female adolescents may be at greater risk for drug use than boys because they reported receiving significantly more drug offers and indicated more difficulty in refusing drug offers than boys. Consistent with a 2002 ecodevelopmental theory, it seems that social and familial relationships influence the number of drug offers given to American Indian youth. However, the results indicate a disparity of experiences for female and male American Indian adolescents regarding their exposure to drug offers and the degree of perceived difficulty in handling such offers. This suggests that social and familial relationships may affect girls and boys differently. It is recommended that future research explore other culture-specific and gender-specific aspects of drug use risk and resiliency with this understudied population of adolescents. To date, much of the research on gender differences in adolescent drug use has focused on Caucasian youth, and of the few studies that have examined females of different ethnic groups, samples have typically been limited to comparisons between Caucasian, African-American, and Hispanic girls. The intent of this study was to examine the gender differences in patterns of drug offers among a sample of 71 American Indian middle school students. The study begins with a literature review. It continues by analyzing the salient environmental characteristics in relation to substance-using behaviors for females and males. Lastly, a discussion is presented on the way in which the findings contribute to the understanding of gender-specific, ecological correlates related to drug offers for American Indian youth practices for these youth. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Adolescents at risk
Index Term(s): Adolescent chemical dependency; American Indians; Gender issues; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile drug use; Underage Drinking
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