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NCJ Number: 217798 Find in a Library
Title: Health Outcomes in Adolescence: Associations with Family, Friends and School Engagement
Journal: Journal of Adolescence  Volume:30  Issue:1  Dated:February 2007  Pages:51-62
Author(s): Melissa Carter; Rob McGee; Barry Taylor; Shelia Williams
Date Published: February 2007
Page Count: 12
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the associations between connectedness to family and friends, and school engagement, and selected health compromising and health promoting behavior in a sample of New Zealand adolescents.
Abstract: The overall findings indicated significant associations among the family, friends, and school variables, but both the direction and strength of these associations was highly dependent on content. School engagement showed the strongest and most pervasive associations across both health compromising and promoting behaviors. Connectedness to family was associated primarily with fewer reports of suicidal ideation and increased reports of physical activity. Connectedness to friends was associated in the main with increased reports of health compromising behaviors. The importance of school and family as support networks for young people is reinforced in this study. Adolescents are typically regarded as an especially high-risk group for engaging in such health compromising behaviors as alcohol, cigarette smoking, and illicit drug use. A more positive aspect of the adolescent development relates to the adoption of health promoting behaviors. Researchers have attempted to identify why some adolescents choose to engage in various health compromising behaviors while others do not. Utilizing a cross-sectional prevalence survey, this study examined both health compromising and promoting behaviors in the context of adolescent perceptions of family, friends, and school. The study consisted of 643 students, 326 males and 317 females from the age of 14 years to 17 years. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Acting out behavior; Adolescents at risk; Deviance; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Juvenile delinquent family relations; New Zealand; Parent-Child Relations; Peer influences on behavior
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