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NCJ Number: 217799 Find in a Library
Title: Psychosocial Inventory of Ego Strengths: Examination of Theory and Psychometric Properties
Journal: Journal of Adolescence  Volume:30  Issue:1  Dated:February 2007  Pages:63-79
Author(s): Carol A. Markstrom; Shelia K. Marshall
Date Published: February 2007
Page Count: 17
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This investigation examined the validity and reliability of the psychosocial inventory of ego strengths (PIES) among high school students.
Abstract: Based on the findings of this study, the psychosocial inventory of ego strengths (PIES) is recommended for use with high school age adolescents. However, additional research is needed to determine the reliability and validity of the measure for even younger adolescents. Reliability of the PIES was through acceptable to very good Cronbach’s alphas for the PIES and its subscales. As expected, higher scores on ego strengths were positively correlated with psychosocial indictors of identity achievement, self-esteem, locus of control, empathic concern, perspective-taking, and positive forms of coping. Lower scores on ego strengths were related to less desirable psychosocial constructs. Ego strengths are defined as “certain qualities which begin to animate man pervasively during successive stages of his life.” However, measurement of the ego strengths has been overlooked in the literature. In response, the PIES was developed as a self-report measure of Erikson’s eight ego strengths (hope, will, purpose, competence, fidelity, love, care, and wisdom), and was shown to possess validity and reliability among university students. The purposes of this study were to demonstrate the theoretical coherence of Erikson’s ego strengths according to their performance as indices of psychosocial adjustment and maturity, to assess the validity and reliability of the PIES for use among high school age adolescents, and to present previously unreported descriptive statistics on the PIES according to both university and high school samples. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Juvenile self concept
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Evaluation measures; Instrument validation; Juvenile justice research; Juvenile psychological evaluation; Personality assessment; Psychological evaluation; Self concept; Testing and measurement
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