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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 217854 Find in a Library
Title: Size Matters: Standard Errors in the Application of Null Hypothesis Significance Testing in Criminology and Criminal Justice
Journal: Journal of Experimental Criminology  Volume:2  Issue:1  Dated:Spring 2006  Pages:1-22
Author(s): Shawn D. Bushway; Gary Sweeten; David B. Wilson
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 22
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This literature review assessed the state of the criminological and criminal justice application of Null Hypothesis Significance Testing (NHST), which is the main approach of social sciences for empirically examining hypothesized relationships and establishing the importance of empirical results.
Abstract: The literature review indicates that most researchers provide the basic information necessary for understanding effect sizes and analytical significance in tables that include descriptive statistics and some standardized measure of size, for example, betas and odds ratios. On the other hand, few of the research reports mention statistical power, and even fewer discuss the standard by which a finding would be considered large or small. In addition, less than half of the reports distinguish between analytical significance and statistical significance. Most reports used the term "significance" in ambiguous ways. The literature review applied a modified version of the instrument used in 2 reviews of the economics literature by McCloskey and Ziliak in order to code 82 articles in criminology and criminal justice. Three sources of papers were selected: "Criminology," "Justice Quarterly," and a recent review of experiments in criminal justice by Farrington and Welsh. 3 tables, 6 notes, and 121 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Research methods; Statistical analysis; Testing and measurement
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