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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 217893 
Title: Female Offenders and the Criminal Justice System (From Social Work in Juvenile and Criminal Justice Settings, Third Edition, P 351-365, 2007, Albert R. Roberts and David W. Springer, eds. -- See NCJ-217866)
Author(s): Patricia Brownell; Keva M. Miller; Martha L. Raimon
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Charles C. Thomas
Springfield, IL 62704
Sale Source: Charles C. Thomas
2600 South First Street
Springfield, IL 62704
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This overview of female offenders in the criminal justice system examines issues such as domestic violence, substance abuse, and entitlements for female offenders' families.
Abstract: Women of color, particularly African-American and Latina women, compose a disproportionate share of women in U.S. prisons. Nearly half of female inmates have never been married; yet 7 in 10 women under correctional supervision have children under the age of 18. Most have not performed well in educational systems prior to incarceration; only 25 percent report that they were employed full time prior to their arrest, and 30 percent report receiving public assistance prior to being arrested. Many female inmates have been victims of domestic violence and child abuse. Some of the women are in prison for killing their abusers. Social-work service plans and interventions must incorporate findings from current research into the social demographics of women who enter the criminal justice system. Clinical and program interventions must take into account their histories of abuse, their need for basic education and vocational training, and their role as mothers. Substance abuse treatment is also a prevalent need for female offenders. In addition to in-prison programs, reentry programs must build upon and make relevant in the community the knowledge, skills, and behavioral changes begun in prison. 51 references and a listing of 7 resources for practitioners
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Children of incarcerated offenders; Female inmates; Female offenders; Inmate characteristics; Inmate Education Assistance Programs; Inmate vocational training; Social work advocacy; Social worker casework; Social workers; Treatment offender matching
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