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NCJ Number: 217920 Find in a Library
Title: Are There Gangs in Schools?: It Depends Upon Whom You Ask
Journal: Journal of School Violence  Volume:5  Issue:2  Dated:2006  Pages:53-72
Author(s): Patricia A. Naber; David C. May; Scott H. Decker; Kevin I. Minor; James B. Wells
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 20
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using data from a sample of law enforcement officers and school principals from Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio, this study describes a new method in measuring the prevalence of gangs in schools.
Abstract: Based on the findings, it is suggested that triangulating responses from law enforcement and principals regarding the prevalence of gangs in schools is preferred over methods that examine the perspectives of one or the other of these groups. The findings highlight the importance of communication between police and school administrators. It also implies the need to provide training to school administrators to identify gang members. This research reinforces the position that school administrators need to realize the value and importance of admitting problem behavior at schools. In the past, juvenile gang researchers have focused primarily on the characteristics of gangs and the prevalence of gangs in communities and schools. One of the greatest limitations of this research, however, surrounds the lack of agreement on the definition of a gang and, consequently, the prevalence of gangs in the community and in schools. Using data from a sample of over 1,200 law enforcement officers and school principals from Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio, this study developed a research strategy, response triangulation in order to define a gang and estimate the prevalence of gangs in schools. References
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Collective violence; Crime in schools; Gang violence; Indiana; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Kentucky; Ohio; Peer influences on behavior; School influences on crime
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