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NCJ Number: 217997 Find in a Library
Title: Probation Violations, Revocations, and Imprisonment: The Decisions of Probation Officers, Prosecutors, and Judges Pre- and Post-Mandatory Drug Treatment
Journal: Criminal Justice Policy Review  Volume:18  Issue:1  Dated:March 2007  Pages:3-30
Author(s): Nancy Rodriguez; Vincent J. Webb
Date Published: March 2007
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Princeton, NJ 08543
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined how the passage of Arizona’s mandatory drug treatment law affected probation violations and the revocation process.
Abstract: Study findings show that the implementation of mandatory drug treatment laws has the capacity to alter the decisions made by probation officers, prosecutors, and judges in low-level drug cases. The findings support the argument that probation officers and not prosecutors play the most significant role in revocation decisions. Findings indicate that the majority of revocations leading to incarceration involved technical violations and not the commission of new crimes. Mandatory drug treatment laws represent the latest policy aimed at dealing with the increasing representation of drug offenders in prison. Although a number of States have enacted sentencing laws that mandate drug treatment for low-level drug offenders, few studies have extended an empirical focus to such laws. To expand studies of sentencing policies to include mandatory drug treatment laws and provide a more comprehensive review of the relationship that exists among probation officer, prosecutors, and judges in revocation cases, this study explored four research questions: (1) what types of technical violations led to probation revocation and imprisonment of low-level drug offenders; (2) what was the relationship between technical violations and prosecutors’ decisionmaking process; (3) what was the relationship between technical violations and judicial outcomes; and (4) did probation officers’, prosecutors’, and judges’ decisionmaking processes change after the implementation of the mandatory drug treatment law? The study analyzed only those low-level drug offenders who were on probation prior to incarceration under the Arizona Department of Corrections. Tables, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Drug offenders
Index Term(s): Drug laws; Drug treatment; Involuntary treatment; Judicial decisions; Judicial process; Mandatory Sentencing; Probation; Probation or parole decisionmaking; Probation violations; Prosecutors; Revocation
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