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NCJ Number: 218064 Find in a Library
Title: Sleep Inertia and Callouts
Journal: Tactical Response  Volume:5  Issue:2  Dated:March-April 2007  Pages:100-101
Author(s): David Sexton
Date Published: March 2007
Page Count: 2
Type: Report (Technical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article defines "sleep inertia" and discusses its implications for the performance of police officers on call who are wakened from a deep sleep to respond to an emergency.
Abstract: "Sleep inertia" is defined as the state of grogginess, reduced vigilance, and impaired cognitive and behavioral performance that we experience in the initial period after waking from a deep sleep. Sleep researchers have found that the most severe impairments from sleep inertia occur within 3 minutes of waking. The most severe effects generally dissipate within 10-minutes, although effects often persist for up to 2 hours. On-call scheduling that raises the issue of sleep inertia and diminished police performance occurs either when departments are too small for 24-hour shift rotations or because emergencies occur in the middle of the night that require SWAT officers to be called to duty. In order to compensate for diminished alertness after being wakened for a call, officers should have pencil, paper, and a bright light by the bed. Information received in the call should be recorded on the paper and repeated by the dispatcher. Also, alertness can be facilitated by having uniforms and duty gear in a room other than the bedroom, which will require movement from the bedroom. Other techniques are to consume a caffeine drink, wash the face with cold water, and turn on loud music and bright lights.
Main Term(s): Police safety
Index Term(s): Performance requirements; Physical fitness; Police safety techniques
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