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NCJ Number: 218142 Find in a Library
Title: Similar Autonomic Responsivity in Boys with Conduct Disorder and Their Fathers
Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:46  Issue:4  Dated:April 2007  Pages:535-544
Author(s): Sabine C. Herpertz M.D.; Timo Vloet M.D.; Bodo Mueller M.D.; Gregor Domes Ph.D.; Klaus Willmes Ph.D.; Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann M.D.
Date Published: April 2007
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft )
53175 Bonn, Germany
Interdisciplinary Centre for Clinical Research
04103 Leipzig, Germany
Grant Number: HE 2660/3-1;HE 2660/3-2
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether autonomic hypoarousal and hyporesponsivity (abnormal skin conductance response), which have been observed in antisocial individuals of all ages, were passed from fathers to male children.
Abstract: The fathers of boys with conduct disorder showed significantly lower electrodermal responses to pictures of either emotional quality (pleasant or unpleasant) than the fathers of controls (boys without conduct disorder). In addition, the fathers reported a more aggressive, hostile, and impulsive behavioral style. Psychophysiological measurements correlated highly between fathers and sons, and fathers' autonomic responses accounted for group differences in electrodermal responses between boys. The study concludes that the high father-son correlations in psychophysiological measures raise the question of whether autonomic abnormalities may constitute a biological mediator through which the disposition for antisocial behavior is transmitted within families. The study involved 44 boys with early-onset conduct disorder and 36 healthy controls ( 8-13 years old) as well as their biological fathers. Resting heart rate and nonspecific skin conductance fluctuations were assessed as arousal measures, with electrodermal responses and heart rate changes of pictorial stimuli serving as response measures. In addition, boys and their fathers were subjected to psychometric measurements of antisocial behavior. 4 tables and 31 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Aggression; Biological influences; Male juvenile delinquents; Problem behavior
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