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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 218271 Find in a Library
Title: Examining the Changing Influence of Predictors on Adolescent Alcohol Misuse
Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:16  Issue:2  Dated:2006  Pages:95-114
Author(s): Kimberly A. Tyler; Rosalie Torres Stone; Bianca Bersani
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether the influence of key factors in adolescent alcohol misuse changed over time and whether they varied by gender and race/ethnicity.
Abstract: The study found that mother's binge drinking and school suspension were strong predictors of an adolescent's own alcohol misuse when they were 14-16 years old, but were no longer significant predictors of alcohol misuse 2 years later. In contrast, a strong maternal attachment and school attachment lowered the risk for alcohol misuse when youth were 16-18 years old but not at earlier ages. Having a greater number of friends who drink, peer pressure, and early age of onset of alcohol use remained significant over time, additional predictors of alcohol misuse varied by race and gender. Maternal binge drinking had a greater effect for Whites than non-Whites. Although higher maternal monitoring lowered the risk of alcohol misuse for females, being suspended from school increased their risk. Analyses were based on data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-Young Adults. The original cohort was a nationally representative longitudinal sample of youth ages 14-21 in 1979. Data for the current analyses were taken from the child assessments in 1994 when the youth were 12-14 years old, from the young-adult assessment in 1996 when the youth were 14-16 years old, and in 1998 when they were 16-18 years old. The independent variables (e.g., background characteristics, parental characteristics, and environmental characteristics) were measured in 1994, with the exception of maternal binge drinking, which was measured in 1992. The mediators (deviant behavior, school attachment, and peer drinking) and age of onset of drinking were measured in 1996. The dependent variable (adolescent alcohol consumption) was measured in 1996 and 1998. 3 tables, 3 figures, and 37 references
Main Term(s): Underage Drinking
Index Term(s): Alcoholism causes; Children of alcoholics; Comparative analysis; Gender issues; Parental influence; Peer influences on behavior; Race; School maladjustment
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