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NCJ Number: 218277 Find in a Library
Title: Thirty-Year Prospective Follow-Up Study of Hyperactive Boys With Conduct Problems: Adult Criminality
Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:46  Issue:5  Dated:May 2007  Pages:601-610
Author(s): James H. Satterfield M.D.; Katherine J. Faller Ph.D.; Francis M. Crinella Ph.D.; Anne M. Schell Ph.D.; James M. Swanson Ph.D.; Louis D. Homer M.D.
Date Published: May 2007
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: 37344;
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A total of 179 hyperactive boys, most with conduct problems, and 75 control boys who were not hyperactive were monitored from ages 18 to 38 in order to compare their official arrest histories.
Abstract: California official arrest records were obtained on 91 percent of the subjects. The hyperactive subjects had significantly higher arrest, conviction, and incarceration rates compared with the control subjects. Childhood antisocial behaviors, socioeconomic status, and IQ predicted adult criminality. Multimodality (MMT) treated boys with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) did not fare better than drug-treated-only boys with ADHD. The authors conclude that ADHD boys with conduct problems are at increased risk for adult criminality. On the other hand, hyperactive boys without childhood conduct problems are not at increased risk for later criminality. An intensive 3-year MMT treatment of 6-12 year-old hyperactive boys is insufficient to prevent later adult criminality. Treatment given to the MMT group included parent training, individual or group therapy for the child and/or the parents, family therapy, and educational therapy. Control subjects were White boys between 6 and 12 years old selected from public schools. They were matched to the hyperactive boys with conduct problem for age, sex, and as closely as possible for WISC full-scale IQ. 3 tables, 2 figures, and 35 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Attention deficit disorder (ADD); Comparative analysis; Juvenile to adult criminal careers; Longitudinal studies; Problem behavior
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