skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 218333 Find in a Library
Title: Predictors of Social and Defensive Coping to Address Workplace Stressors: A Comparison of Police in South Korea and the United States
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:30  Issue:2  Dated:Fall 2006  Pages:149-176
Author(s): Merry Morash; Chang-Hun Lee; Vincent Hoffman; Sun Ho Cho; Robin Haarr
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 28
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reports on comparative, exploratory research carried out to identify predictors of the use of different coping approaches and strategies in a comparison of police in South Korea and the United States.
Abstract: This study provides unique information, in that, it illustrates the significance of national differences as factors in theory and research relevant to understanding which police choose particular coping strategies. The results suggest that to increase understanding of choices of coping strategies, the range of strategies that are common to collectivist cultures should be included. It is confirmed that collectivist cultures do not necessarily provide an opportunity for individuals to rely on coworkers for help in coping with problems at work. Attention to relationships does not translate directly into reliance on these relationships for help with difficulties at work. Highlights from the report include: coping that relies on social relationships is much more common in South Korea than in the United States; police officers use social coping if their workplace stressors are of an interpersonal nature, if they have a collectivist orientation, and if they have strong social support; and the strongest predictor of defensive coping is the presence of interpersonal workplace stressors. This study focused on effects of status differences of nationality, gender, age, education, social class, rank, and in the United States, race, on comparing how police coped with workplace stressors. In addition, it considered whether the nature of workplace stressors, a collectivist orientation, and availability of social support explained subgroup differences in how officers coped. The study sample consisted of 676 South Korean and 947 United States police officers. Tables, references and appendix
Main Term(s): Police occupational stress
Index Term(s): Behavior under stress; Job pressure; Korea (South); Police work attitudes; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Stress management; United States of America; US/foreign comparisons
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.