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NCJ Number: 218359 Find in a Library
Title: Maze of Injustice: The Failure To Protect Indigenous Women From Sexual Violence in the USA--Report Summary
Corporate Author: Amnesty International USA
United States of America
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Amnesty International Publications
New York, NY 10001
Amnesty International USA
New York, NY 10001
Sale Source: Amnesty International Publications
5 Penn Plaza
New York, NY 10001
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Report (Summary)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper summarizes Amnesty International's report on its investigation of the plight of Native-American and Alaska Native women survivors of sexual violence as they attempt to access justice and services.
Abstract: The investigation found that the Federal Government is failing to fulfill its obligations to these women under international law. The Federal Government has steadily eroded tribal government authority and chronically underfunded tribal law enforcement agencies and service providers that should protect Indigenous women from sexual violence and respond appropriately when they have suffered such violence. Amnesty International's interviews with sexual assault survivors, activists, and support workers across the United States suggest that existing statistics greatly underestimate the severity of the problem and fail to provide an accurate picture of the abuses; for example, no statistics specifically document sexual offenses in Indian Country. The investigation also found numerous instances in which complicated jurisdictional issues significantly delayed the investigation and prosecution of crimes of sexual violence on Indian lands. The Federal Government has created a complex maze of tribal, State, and Federal law that has the effect of allowing perpetrators to evade prosecution due to uncertainty about which authority has jurisdiction to investigate and prosecute the crime. This leaves victims without legal protection or redress and allows perpetrators to go free, particularly non-Indian offenders who commit crimes on tribal land. Further, underfunding of tribal police has resulted in inadequate and inappropriate police responses to sexual offenses, and victim forensic examinations are inadequate, partly due to the underfunding of the Indian Health Service. There is some hope for change, however. In 2005, the U.S. Congress reauthorized the Violence Against Women Act, which for the first time included a Tribal Title (Title IX) intended to improve safety and justice for Native-American and Alaska Native women.
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): American Indians; Data collections; Federal legislation; Indian affairs; Indian justice; Jurisdiction; Sexual assault victims; Tribal Courts; Tribal police; Violence Against Women Act
Note: For the full report, see NCJ-218358.
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