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NCJ Number: 218452 Find in a Library
Title: Homeland Security: Observations on DHS and FEMA Efforts To Prepare for and Respond to Major and Catastrophic Disasters and Address Related Recommendations and Legislation
Author(s): William O. Jenkins Jr.
Corporate Author: US Government Accountability Office
United States of America
Date Published: May 2007
Page Count: 46
Sponsoring Agency: Azimuth Inc.
Fairmont, WV 26554
US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548
Publication Number: GAO-07-835T
Sale Source: Azimuth Inc.
1000 Technology Drive, Suite 3120
Fairmont, WV 26554
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislative Hearing/Committee Report
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This testimony before the U.S. House Committee on Homeland Security summarizes the U.S. Government Accountability Office's (GAO's) findings on the challenges facing the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in preparing for and responding to catastrophic and major disasters, and it discusses disaster management issues that require congressional attention.
Abstract: GAO's analysis of the preparation for and response to Hurricane Katrina showed the need for clearly defined and understood leadership roles and responsibilities, development of capabilities to prepare for and respond to disasters, and the installation of accountability systems that balance the need for fast and flexible response with the need to prevent waste, fraud, and abuse. Of particular concern are the roles and responsibilities of Federal Coordinating Officers (FCOs), who have been assigned to regions that include States at risk for hurricanes. FCOs have the authority to make mission assignments to Federal agencies for response and recovery. Also of concern is the role and responsibilities of the Principal Federal Official (PFO), whose role is to provide assessments of situations to the Secretary of Homeland Security. Developing the ability to prepare for, respond to, and recover from major and catastrophic disaster requires an overall national preparedness effort that will integrate and define what needs to be done, where, and by whom; how it should be done; and how well it should be done as measured by performance standards. Response capabilities must be developed in the areas of situational assessment and awareness, emergency communications, evacuations, search and rescue, logistics, and mass care and sheltering. Among the five issues mentioned for congressional attention is the assessment of State and local capabilities and the use of Federal grants in building and sustaining the capabilities. Appended supplementary information
Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
Index Term(s): Disaster procedures; Emergency procedures; Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA); Federal legislation
Note: Downloaded May 16, 2007.
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