skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 218573 Find in a Library
Title: Reducing Disproportionate Minority Contact in the Juvenile Justice System: Promising Practices
Journal: Aggression and Violent Behavior: A Review Journal  Volume:12  Issue:4  Dated:July-August 2007  Pages:393-401
Author(s): Emily R. Cabaniss; James M. Frabutt; Mary H. Kendrick; Margaret B. Arbuckle
Date Published: July 2007
Page Count: 9
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviewed the national best practices for effectively reducing disproportionate minority confinement (DMC) in the juvenile justice system.
Abstract: Effective strategies for addressing DMC included: (1) data review and decision-point mapping; (2) cultural competency training; (3) increasing community-based detention alternatives; (4) reducing decisionmaking subjectivity; (5) reducing barriers to family involvement; and (6) developing State leadership to legislate system-level changes. The review reveals that the issues communities face when attempting to address DMC are similar across communities. To some extent, all communities across the United States struggled to acknowledge the problem of racial disparity in their local juvenile justice systems and struggled to deal with historical racial and ethnic inequalities. The collection and analysis of data helped to reveal the extent of racial and ethnic inequalities in a community and helped to focus discussion on the key points at which the juvenile justice system fails minority youth. Cultural diversity training was viewed as an important first step in most of the communities under examination, which was followed by more comprehensive DMC reduction planning. The authors recommend that all assessment instruments be up-to-date and culturally appropriate and that detention admission policies should be clear to all police officers so that detention decisions do not seem arbitrary. The overview of best practices for reducing DMC involved an examination of multiple sources, including Federal publications, State DMC assessments and publications, published books and articles, foundation reports, the Internet, and through contacts with prominent DMC training, technical assistance, and advocacy stakeholders. Thematic analysis was used to identify the effective strategies common to all sites. Throughout the review, the authors report on effectiveness indicators, including pre- and post-intervention findings where available. References
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice reform; Minority overrepresentation
Index Term(s): Juvenile justice policies; Literature reviews; Local juvenile justice systems
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.