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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 218581 Find in a Library
Title: Screening for Drugs in Oral Fluid: Illicit Drug Use and Drug Driving in a Sample of Queensland Motorists
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Review  Volume:26  Issue:3  Dated:May 2007  Pages:301-307
Author(s): J. Davey; N. Leal; J. Freeman
Date Published: May 2007
Page Count: 7
Publisher: http://www.informahealthcare.com/ 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study estimated the prevalence of drug driving in a sample of Queensland, Australia drivers.
Abstract: Results indicated that of the 781 drivers tested at Random Breath Testing (RBT) sites, 3.5 percent (27 participants) tested positive for at least 1 illicit substance, most commonly cannabis (13 participants) followed by amphetamine substances (11 participants). Other findings revealed that cannabis was the most commonly self-reported drug combined with driving and that individuals who tested positive for any type of drug were also more likely to report the highest frequency of drug driving. Comparisons of the detection rates for drug driving versus drink driving indicated that drug driving was detected at a higher rate (3.5 percent) than was drink driving (0.8 percent) in Queensland. The findings thus suggest that drug driving is a relatively common occurrence in Queensland. The findings also confirm the utility of using self-report data on drug driving due to a high convergence between those who reported illicit drug use and positive RBT tests. Future research into the problem of drug and drink driving in Queensland is warranted and will aid the Police Services in developing effective countermeasures and enforcement policies. Data were drawn from oral fluid samples collected from 781 drivers by the Police Services. Participants volunteered for participation at RBT sites in a large regional area of Queensland and were asked to self-report any drug use prior to the RBT testing. Drugs included in the testing were cannabis, amphetamine type substances, heroin, and cocaine. Tables, notes, references
Main Term(s): Australia; Driving Under the Influence (DUI)
Index Term(s): Amphetamines; Cocaine; Heroin; Marijuana
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=240284

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