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NCJ Number: 218643 Find in a Library
Title: Predictors of Psychosocial Well-Being in Urban African American and European American Youth: The Role of Ecological Factors
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:36  Issue:4  Dated:May 2007  Pages:543-553
Author(s): Hazel M. Prelow; Marvella A. Bowman; Scott R. Weaver
Date Published: May 2007
Page Count: 11
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study sought to identify risk and protective factors influencing the impact of ecological risk on the psychosocial adjustment of African-American and European-American adolescents.
Abstract: Results indicated that supportive parenting promoted the psychosocial adjustment of both African-American and European-American youths. Youths who reported higher levels of maternal monitoring and involvement had higher grades, higher levels of competence, and had fewer problem behaviors than youths who reported lower levels of maternal monitoring and involvement. Other findings revealed that school bonds promoted higher levels of youth competence and that ethnic identity served as a protective factor only for European-American youth. The findings support previous research that has suggested the importance of supportive parenting practices for the well-being of adolescents, particularly those living in high-risk contexts. Future research should include youth at different developmental stages to test whether the factors impacting youth psychosocial adjustment are different for different developmental phases. Participants were 112 African-American and 94 European-American adolescents between the ages of 13 to 19 years who were recruited from a public high school to complete a series of self-report questionnaires. Questionnaires elicited information about socioeconomic status, life stressors, association with deviant peers, parenting behaviors, ethnic identity, school bonds, academic achievement, school and social competence, and problem behaviors. Data were analyzed using zero-order correlations and hierarchical regression models. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Parental influence; Psychological research
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Black/African Americans
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