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NCJ Number: 218727 Find in a Library
Title: What Do You Think You're Looking At?: Investigating Social Cognition in Young Offenders
Journal: Criminal Behavior and Mental Health  Volume:17  Issue:2  Dated:2007  Pages:101-106
Author(s): Alice P. Jones; Alice S. Forster; David Skuse
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 6
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study evaluated the nature and severity of social-cognitive deficits in antisocial adolescents.
Abstract: Findings from this preliminary study indicate that antisocial adolescent males have deficits in interpreting facial emotions of anger and disgust and in correctly identifying the direction of another person’s eye gaze in comparison to their typically developing counterparts. The findings suggest that antisocial individuals may misinterpret non-threatening stimuli, such as eye gaze, as threatening and then respond inappropriately. The authors point out that this type of eye gaze misinterpretation has been associated with dysfunction in the amygdale and its cortical connections. The findings may inform the design of anger-management and social skills training. Future research is necessary to confirm the findings of this preliminary research. Participants were 37 male adolescents between the ages of 15 and 18 years who were recruited from a Young Offenders Institute and a Community College in Essex. The 15 male adolescents recruited from the Young Offenders Institute made up the experimental group while the 22 male adolescents from the Community College made up the comparison group of typically developing adolescents. Participants completed questionnaires measuring general intelligence and social competence and they completed tasks from the 2005 Schedules for the Assessment of Social Intelligence (Skuse et al., 2005). Data were coded and ANOVA analyses were used to determine the differences between the two groups. Table, references
Main Term(s): Antisocial attitudes; Juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Psychological research; United Kingdom (UK)
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