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NCJ Number: 218955 Find in a Library
Title: Long-Term Physical and Mental Health Consequences of Childhood Physical Abuse: Results From a Large Population-Based Sample of Men and Women
Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect  Volume:31  Issue:5  Dated:May 2007  Pages:517-530
Author(s): Kristen W. Springer; Jennifer Sheridan; Daphne Kuo; Molly Carnes
Date Published: May 2007
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Jean Manchester Biddick-Bascom Endowed Professorship
Madison, WI 53715
National Institute on Aging
Bethesda, MD 20892
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
Office on Women's Health
Washington, DC 20201
William Freeman Vilas Trust
Madison, WI 53703
Grant Number: K07 AG0074;R01 AG9775;0123666
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the mid-life physical and mental health impact of childhood abuse among a population-based sample of men and women.
Abstract: Results indicated that the sibling respondents who reported experiencing childhood physical abuse were more likely than their non-abused peers to report more diagnosed illnesses, physical symptoms, anxiety, anger, and depression up to 40 years following the abuse. These results remained significant even after controlling for sex, age, family background, and childhood adversities. These findings are consistent with previous research that has found associations between childhood physical abuse and adult psychiatric problems. The findings are important because they begin to illuminate the mechanisms through which childhood maltreatment influences adult health. The new finding of increased anger among adults who suffered childhood physical abuse could indicate an additional mechanism through which childhood maltreatment might impact adult physical health. Future research should focus on how the long-term health effects of childhood maltreatment may differ for childhood sexual abuse and childhood emotional abuse Data were drawn from the sibling respondents of the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS), a population-based study of men and women who graduated from Wisconsin high schools in 1957 and their siblings. A total of 4,804 siblings were interviewed via the telephone in 1977 and 1994 regarding education, occupation, family demographics, health, well-being, and aging. Mailed surveys, which focused on childhood physical abuse, mental health, physical health, family background characteristics, and childhood adversities, were also completed by 3,501 siblings in 1994. Statistical data analysis included the use of bivariate comparisons and logistic regression models. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Long term health effects of child abuse
Index Term(s): Longitudinal studies; Mental health; Wisconsin
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