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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 218959 Find in a Library
Title: Re-Referral to Child Protective Services: The Influence of Child, Family, and Case Characteristics on Risk Status
Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect  Volume:31  Issue:5  Dated:May 2007  Pages:573-588
Author(s): Christian M. Connell; Natasha Bergeron; Karol H. Katz; Leon Saunders; Jacob Kraemer Tebes
Date Published: May 2007
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Rhode Island Dept of Children, Youth & Families
Providence, RI 02903-3716
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study assessed the child, family, and case characteristics that impacted rates of re-referral to Child Protective Services (CPS) in Rhode Island between 2001 and 2004.
Abstract: Results indicated that children from families having multiple stressors, such as parental substance abuse, low socioeconomic status, and child disability, were at highest risk of re-referral to CPS. Family poverty emerged as the most significant predictor of re-referral. Other findings revealed that, consistent with previous research, risk for re-referral was greatest during the initial 6-month period following case disposition. Approximately 13 percent of cases were re-referred during the initial 6-month period following CPS case disposition and another 14 percent of cases were re-referred after a 12-month period. The findings suggest that the families facing multiple stressors may benefit from the development of preventative services that begin immediately following the CPS case closings. Data were drawn from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) for the period from 2001 to 2004, which comprises all completed CPS investigations during the study period. Data include information on alleged maltreatment, case disposition, support services provided, and any special problems identified for the child, caretaker, or family. Prior to analysis, a longitudinal dataset was created of all referrals to CPS using State submissions to the NCANDS. Children whose initial CPS investigation resulted in removal from the home were excluded. Data were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards model to examine the factors influencing the likelihood of re-referral. Limitations of the study are discussed and include the use of NCANDS information, which may not provide enough details for analyses. Tables, figure, references
Main Term(s): Child protection services; Multiple victimization
Index Term(s): Child abuse causes; Family support; Poverty and crime
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