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NCJ Number: 219048 Find in a Library
Title: HIV/AIDS Intimate Partner Violence: Intersecting Women's Health Issues in the United States
Journal: Trauma, Violence, & Abuse  Volume:8  Issue:2  Dated:April 2007  Pages:178-198
Author(s): Andrea Carlson Gielen; Jessica G. Burke; Patricia Mahoney; Karen A. McDonnell; Patricia O'Campo
Date Published: April 2007
Page Count: 21
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study reviewed 35 U.S. studies of the co-occurrence of HIV/AIDS and adult intimate partner violence (IPV).
Abstract: The literature review found that HIV-positive women apparently experienced IPV at rates comparable to HIV-negative women from the same populations; however, their abuse was apparently more frequent and more severe. The review found only four relevant interventions, and none of them addressed sexually transmitted HIV and partner violence risk reduction simultaneously. Most of the studies reviewed describe rates of IPV among women at risk for or living with HIV/AIDS and identify correlates, using multiple types of convenience samples, for example, women in methadone treatment and women in shelters or clinics. There is a critical need for research on causal pathways and cumulative effects of the co-occurring issues of violence, HIV, and substance abuse, as well as interventions that target IPV victims at risk for HIV and HIV-positive women who may be experiencing IPV. The authors acknowledge that they may not have captured all relevant articles; however, the search strategy included two of the most frequently used databases and multiple approaches for identifying studies. The search was limited to violence in adult intimate relationships, so there would be some comparability across studies. 2 tables and 53 references and 2 suggested readings
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV transmission; Domestic assault; Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS); Victim medical assistance
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