skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 219069 Find in a Library
Title: Employer-on-Employee Violence: Type V Workplace Violence
Journal: Acta Criminologica  Volume:17  Issue:2  Dated:2004  Pages:60-70
Author(s): D. L. Kgosimore
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 11
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: South Africa
Annotation: After a general overview of employer-on-employee workplace violence, this article reviews the literature on this type of workplace violence on farms and domestic settings in South Africa.
Abstract: Workplace violence is any form of physical or nonphysical violence committed by an employer that directly or indirectly negatively affects employees. Nonphysical violence includes abusive harassment and the creation of workplace conditions that have indirect adverse mental and physical effects on employees. In typing workplace violence, employer-on-employee violence has been classified as Type V workplace violence to distinguish it from the four traditional classifications of workplace violence: stranger, customers/clients, coworkers, and employee domestic or personal conflicts. In South Africa, much of the Type V workplace violence can be explained by the lingering effects of South Africa's sociopolitical structure of colonialism and apartheid. According to Ainslie 1991), the roots of apartheid are embedded in the White-owned farms, where interactions between White employers and Black employees are forged under a "master and servant" model. Human Rights Watch (2001) has noted that violent crime on South Africa's farms has recently become a high profile media and political issue. Some of this attention has focused on assaults on farm workers and their forced removal from their homes by White farm owners who are their employers. Domestic workers in private homes in South Africa perform tasks that include cleaning the house, cooking, washing and ironing, walking the children to the park, and doing shopping. Like on the farm, the domestic workplace reflects apartheid's "master servant model." In the privacy of the domestic setting, domestic workers are subjected to expressions of employers' anger/rage; harassment; verbal intimidation; and violence that include rape and physical assault. A 42-item bibliography
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Employer attitudes; Employer-employee relations; Labor relations; Violence in the workplace; Workplace Violence
Note: Downloaded July 3, 2007. To access the full text PDF: 1) select the provided PDF link; 2) from the Acta Criminologica Web site, select "Table of Contents"; 3) select the corresponding Volume and Issue (see the NCJRS abstract record for the exact Volume and Issue); 4) scroll the Table of Contents to the exact article; and 5) click on the "full text" icon.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.