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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 219081 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment: A Review and Discussion for Corrections Professionals
Author(s): Harvey Milkman Ph.D.; Kenneth Wanberg Ph.D.
Date Published: May 2007
Page Count: 103
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Corrections
Washington, DC 20534
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 06C2020
Sale Source: National Institute of Corrections
320 First Street, NW
Washington, DC 20534
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This publication, which is intended primarily for corrections professionals, provides an indepth explanation of cognitive-behavioral therapy and describes how it is being implemented in prisons and jails across the country.
Abstract: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) comes from two distinct fields, cognitive theory and behavioral theory. Behaviorism focuses on external behaviors and disregards internal mental processes. The cognitive approach, by contrast, emphasizes the importance of internal thought processes. In combining these two therapies CBT focuses on changing internal beliefs, perceptions, and attitudes as a means of changing specific adverse behaviors. The first chapter of this publication discusses the increasing need for psychiatric and behavioral treatment in the Nation's prisons and jails in order to reduce reoffending upon reentry into the community. The second chapter explores the history of CBT and explains its principles. The next three chapters review the literature on cognitive-behavioral treatments for persons under the management and supervision of the criminal justice system. Six CBT programs currently in general use are described: Aggression Replacement Training, Moral Reconation Therapy, Thinking for a Change, Relapse Prevention Therapy, Reasoning and Rehabilitation, and Criminal Conduct and Substance Abuse Treatment: Strategies for Self-Improvement and Change. The sixth chapter addresses "real world" issues that must be addressed when providing CBT for offenders, such as tailoring CBT treatment according to the diverse backgrounds of offenders and the treatment of offenders with serious mental disorders. This chapter concludes with a discussion of two strategies that have been shown to improve CBT outcomes for offenders. One strategy involves targeting treatment to the particular needs of each offender; and the second strategy is a "manualized" approach that gives practitioners a precise curriculum to follow in the course of treatment. 3 exhibits, 64 references, and 53 suggestions for additional reading
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Attitude change; Behavior modification; Cognitive developmental theory; Cognitive therapy; Treatment offender matching; Treatment techniques
Note: Downloaded July 9, 2007.
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