skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 219178 Find in a Library
Title: Chinese and Western Prisons: Similarities and Differences, Part 3
Journal: Corrections Compendium  Volume:32  Issue:2  Dated:March/April 2007  Pages:30-33
Author(s): Gary Hill
Date Published: March 2007
Page Count: 4
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This third part of the three-part series that compares Chinese and Western prisons addresses teachers' professional levels and sources, vocational training methods, food service, religious services, inmate grievance procedures, visitation, parole, and community corrections.
Abstract: In many Western countries, academic teachers and vocational instructors in prisons have relevant professional qualifications with teaching experience and higher education degrees. In China, most prison academic teachers and vocational training instructors do not have higher education degrees. In Western countries, prisons offer many vocational training programs designed to prepare inmates for a trade after their release. In China, the primary purpose of training inmates in vocational skills is to produce profit for prisons and inmates. The secondary purpose is to provide inmates with job skills related to the job market on the outside. In Western prisons, a food service manager or a registered dietitian prepares the inmates' menu, with attention to food requirements determined by an inmate's gender, age, and general activity level. In China, there is no uniform menu for the prisons in a jurisdiction, and there are no registered dietitians or written requirements for inmate menus. In China, inmates' religious beliefs are protected, and prison authorities permit some of their normal religious activities; however, there is no full-time prison chaplain. Contrary to Western prisons that have formal inmate grievance procedures, the Chinese prison system has no formal written inmate grievance procedure. A variety of procedures are used in solving inmates' complaints. Conjugal visits for inmates have an uneven development in Western prisons. In China, conjugal visits for inmates are increasing, with just over 60 percent of its prisons allowing it. Regarding parole, in China the parole authority is the court, which grants, denies, or revokes an inmate's parole on the basis of recommendations from the prison and other agencies.
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Canada; China; Community-based corrections (adult); Comparative analysis; Conjugal visits; Correctional teacher training; Educators; Food services; Inmate grievances; Inmate religious affiliation; Inmate vocational training; Parole; Parole board; Religious programs; United States of America; Western Europe
Note: See NCJ-217192 for Part I, and NCJ-219114 for Part II of this series.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.